Multimedia CAI program for students with mathematics difficulties

Jun 27, 2013, 16:22 PM

Seo, Y-J., & Bryant, D. (2010). Multimedia CAI program for students with mathematics difficulties. Remedial and Special Education, 1-10.


  • This study examined the effectiveness of using Math Explorer, a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program, to improve the math calculation and problem solving abilities of elementary-aged students with math disabilities.
  • Four 2nd and 3rd grade students with mathematics disorders participated in the study.
  • Math Explorer is a multimedia, computer-assisted instruction program designed to teach word problems with one-step addition or subtraction to students with math disorders.
  • The program guided students through four steps in order to solve math word problems: Reading, Finding, Drawing, and Computing.


  • The study was conducted in elementary classrooms located in the U.S.


  • Prior to beginning the intervention phase, students took 3 paper-and-pencil or computer-based math pretests over a 3-week time span.
  • During the intervention phase, students worked on the Math Explorer program for 20-30 minute intervals and then completed a computer or paper-and-pencil test for 13 weeks.
  • Two weeks following the end of the intervention phase, students completed a series of computer-based or paper-and-pencil tests to examine maintenance effects.


  • Each student’s accuracy in computing one-step addition and subtraction problems improved over the course of the intervention and they were able to maintain these gains over time
  • In addition, results indicated that the computer-based instruction successfully transferred to their ability to perform well on paper-and-pencil tests.
  • The results demonstrate the potential utility of using CAI to increase the math word problem solving skills of elementary students with math disorders.
  • Math